Sabah IV bin Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait died at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, on September 29, 2020, at the age of 91, due to long-term health issues. His 83-year-old half-brother, Crown Prince Sheikh Nawaf al-Ahmed, has been named by the cabinet as his successor. In July, Emir Sabah was flown to the United States for medical treatment following surgery for an unspecified condition in Kuwait that month.
Born in 1929, he was the son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait from 1944 – 1950 and Munira Al-Ayyar of Jahra. On January 15, 2006, Jaber III al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, who was the half brother of Sabah bin Ahmad Al-Sabah died. The new Emir of Kuwait was Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, who was the eldest son of Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who ruled Kuwait from 1950 to 1965. However, after a nine-day reign, Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, who suffered from colon cancer, abdicated. On January 24, 2006, the Kuwaiti parliament voted Saad out of office, moments before an official letter of abdication was received. The Kuwait Cabinet nominated the Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah bin Ahmad Al-Sabah to take over as Emir as expected.
Sabah bin Ahmad Al-Sabah married his cousin Sheikha Fatuwah bint Salman al-Sabah, who died in 1990. The couple had three sons and one daughter.